Receipt of cancer screening services: surprising results for some rural minorities

J Rural Health. 2012 Jan;28(1):63-72. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-0361.2011.00365.x. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

Abstract

Background: Evidence suggests that rural minority populations experience disparities in cancer screening, treatment, and outcomes. It is unknown how race/ethnicity and rurality intersect in these disparities. The purpose of this analysis is to examine the cancer screening rates among minorities in rural areas.

Methods: We utilized the 2008 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to examine rates of screening for breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer. Bivariate analysis estimated screening rates by rurality and sociodemographics. Multivariate analysis estimated the factors that contributed to the odds of screening.

Results: Rural residents were less likely to obtain screenings than urban residents. African Americans were more likely to be screened than whites or Hispanics. Race/ethnicity and rurality interacted, showing that African American women continued to be more likely than whites to be screened for breast or cervical cancer, but the odds decreased with rurality.

Conclusions: This analysis confirmed previous research which found that rural residents were less likely to obtain cancer screenings than other residents. We further found that the pattern of disparity differed according to race/ethnicity, with African Americans having favorable odds of receipt of service regardless of rurality. These results have the potential to create better targeted interventions to those groups that continue to be underserved.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • African Americans / ethnology
  • Aged
  • Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
  • Breast Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Early Detection of Cancer / statistics & numerical data*
  • European Continental Ancestry Group / ethnology
  • Female
  • Healthcare Disparities
  • Hispanic Americans / ethnology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minority Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Rural Population / statistics & numerical data*
  • United States
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms / prevention & control
  • Young Adult