Background: The treatment of bilateral Wilms tumors (WT) requires multimodality therapy with individualized decision to ensure cure while preserving as much renal parenchyma as possible.
Procedure: We analyzed the clinical records of 49 children with bilateral WT treated in France between 1993 and 2001, according to the SIOP-93 guidelines (individual treatment program: Treatment was continued as long as there was imaging evidence of tumor regression). Pathology reports, duration of preoperative chemotherapy and surgical records were also reviewed. Overall Survival (OS) and Event-Free Survival (EFS) rates were studied and relationships between possible prognostic factors and survival were assessed.
Results: Imaging studies revealed bilateral involvement in 98% of the cases. Whatever the response to preoperative chemotherapy, the mean duration of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was 80 days (Q1-Q3: 47-89 days). Forty-eight children underwent nephron sparing surgery (NSS) at least for one kidney and 19 for both. Five-year EFS and OS rates were, respectively, 83.4 and 89.5%. Only the most advanced stages were shown to affect OS (P = 0.03). At study endpoint, end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was reported in seven children, associated with a predisposing phenotype in three.
Conclusions: Results of this study demonstrate a favorable outcome of patients with bilateral WT receiving an individual treatment program. With a tailored approach to treatment according to the tumor response, 77% of our patients were operated before the third month of preoperative chemotherapy. In spite of good survival, 14% of our patients have ESRD.
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.