Nanoparticles labeled with positron emitting nuclides: advantages, methods, and applications

Bioconjug Chem. 2012 Apr 18;23(4):671-82. doi: 10.1021/bc200264c. Epub 2012 Feb 6.


Over the past decade, positron emitter labeled nanoparticles have been widely used in and substantially improved for a range of diagnostic biomedical research. However, given growing interest in personalized medicine and translational research, a major challenge in the field will be to develop disease-specific nanoprobes with facile and robust radiolabeling strategies and that provide imaging stability, enhanced sensitivity for disease early stage detection, optimized in vivo pharmacokinetics for reduced nonspecific organ uptake, and improved targeting for elevated efficacy. This review briefly summarizes the major applications of nanoparticles labeled with positron emitters for cardiovascular imaging, lung diagnosis, and tumor theranostics.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diagnostic Imaging / methods*
  • Electrons*
  • Humans
  • Isotope Labeling / methods*
  • Nanoparticles*