Objective and design: To examine the effects of a mitogen-activated protein kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase 1/2-inhibitor, JTP-74057, on inflammatory arthritis development, and compare its anti-arthritic effect with leflunomide.
Materials: Human, mouse, and rat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were used. Lewis rats and DBA/1J mice were used for animal models.
Treatment: JTP-74057 was tested between 0.1-100 nM in in-vitro studies. JTP-74057 (0.01-0.3 mg/kg) and leflunomide (2-10 mg/kg) were administered orally in vivo.
Methods: PBMCs were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. Adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) and type II collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was induced in Lewis rats or DBA1/J mice, respectively.
Results: JTP-74057 blocked tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 production from PBMCs. AIA and CIA development were suppressed almost completely by 0.1 mg/kg of JTP-74057 or 10 mg/kg of leflunomide. In the CIA, JTP-74057, but not leflunomide, suppressed collagen-reactive T-cell proliferation ex vivo, whereas leflunomide, but not JTP-74057, suppressed anti-collagen antibody production.
Conclusions: JTP-74057 exerts potent anti-arthritic effects with a different profile from leflunomide, suggesting that JTP-74057 may be useful as a new therapeutic reagent in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.