Supported employment outcomes for transition age youth and young adults

Psychiatr Rehabil J. 2012 Winter;35(3):171-9. doi: 10.2975/35.3.2012.171.179.


Topic: Supported Employment (SE) can help transition age youth and young adults to obtain employment and develop meaningful careers and financial security.

Purpose: The purpose of this analysis is to examine the role of SE in achieving employment outcomes for youth (ages 18-24) and young adults (ages 25-30), compared to outcomes for older adults. Given the importance of employment to the quality of life of young people in establishing work histories and starting careers, it is important to have a better understanding of what client and program characteristics result in better employment outcomes.

Sources used: Data are from the Employment Intervention Demonstration Program (EIDP), a multisite randomized controlled trial of SE among 1,272 individuals with psychiatric disabilities in 7 states.

Conclusions and implications for practice: Among all study participants, youth and young adults had significantly better outcomes in terms of any employment and competitive employment than older (>30 years) adults. However, in multivariable models of participants randomly assigned to SE, young adults had significantly better outcomes than youth or older adults. Other significant predictors of employment and competitive employment were future work expectations, not receiving Supplemental Security Income, and receipt of more hours of SE services. Characteristics of youth, young adults and SE programs that enhance employment are discussed in terms of policy and practice.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Employment, Supported* / methods
  • Employment, Supported* / organization & administration
  • Employment, Supported* / psychology
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / diagnosis
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Mental Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Persons with Mental Disabilities / rehabilitation*
  • Program Development / methods*
  • Quality of Life
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Support
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Young Adult