Clinical use of meconium fatty acid ethyl esters for identifying children at risk for alcohol-related disabilities: the first reported case

J Popul Ther Clin Pharmacol. 2012;19(1):e26-31. Epub 2012 Jan 10.


Fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium are validated biomarkers of heavy fetal alcohol exposure that may potentially be used clinically for identifying children at risk for alcohol-related disabilities. However, until now, FAEEs have been largely used anonymously in epidemiological studies, and by child protection authorities in need for verification of heavy alcohol use in pregnancy. Here we describe the first case of a neonate identified as part of a research study on a pilot neonatal screening program for prenatal alcohol exposure. The neonate's meconium tested high for FAEEs (52 nmol/g; positive cut-off ≥ 2 nmol/g), which prompted active follow-up of the infant's development, identifying early neurocognitive problems and allowing initiation of a remedial program.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects
  • Alcohol Drinking / metabolism
  • Biomarkers / analysis
  • Biomarkers / metabolism
  • Fatty Acids / analysis*
  • Fatty Acids / metabolism
  • Female
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Meconium / chemistry*
  • Meconium / metabolism
  • Neonatal Screening / methods
  • Pregnancy


  • Biomarkers
  • Fatty Acids