Design, baseline results of Irbid longitudinal, school-based smoking study

Am J Health Behav. 2011 Nov;35(6):746-55.


Objective: To compare patterns of water pipe and cigarette smoking in an eastern Mediterranean country.

Methods: In 2008, 1781 out of 1877 seventh graders enrolled in 19 randomly selected schools in Irbid, Jordan, were surveyed.

Results: Experimentation with and current water pipe smoking were more prevalent than cigarette smoking (boys: 38.7% vs 26.8%; 20.2% vs 9.0%, girls: 21.2% vs 9.5%; and 7.5% vs 2.3%, P<0.05 for all). Parent- and peer-smoking correlated more strongly with water pipe than with cigarette smoking.

Conclusion: Water-pipe smoking is more prevalent than cigarette smoking at this early age.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Jordan / epidemiology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Peer Group
  • Prevalence
  • Research Design
  • Schools
  • Sex Factors
  • Smoking / epidemiology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires