Chronic hyperglycemia inhibits the male gonadal axis. The present analyses test the hypothesis that acute glucose ingestion also suppresses LH and testosterone (T) secretion and blunts the LH-T dose-response function. The design comprised a prospectively randomized crossover comparison of LH and T secretion after glucose vs. water ingestion in a Clinical Translational Research Center. The participants were healthy men (n = 57) aged 19-78 yr with body mass index (BMI) of 20-39 kg/m(2). The main outcome measurements were deconvolution and LH-T dose-response analyses of 10-min data. LH-T responses were regressed on glucose, insulin, leptin, adiponectin, age, BMI, and CT-estimated abdominal visceral fat. During the first 120 min after glucose ingestion, for each unit decrease in LH concentrations, T concentrations decreased by 86 (27-144) ng/dl (r = 0.853, P < 0.001). Based upon deconvolution analysis, glucose compared with water ingestion reduced 1) basal (nonpulsatile; P < 0.001) and total (P < 0.001) T secretion without affecting pulsatile T output and 2) pulsatile (P = 0.043) but not basal LH secretion. By multivariate analysis, pulsatile LH secretion positively predicted basal T secretion after glucose ingestion (r = 0.374, P = 0.0042). In addition, the glucose-induced fall in pulsatile LH secretion was exacerbated by higher fasting insulin concentrations (P = 0.054) and attenuated by higher adiponectin levels (P = 0.0037). There were no detectable changes in the analytically estimated LH-T dose-response curves (P > 0.30). In conclusion, glucose ingestion suppresses pulsatile LH and basal T secretion acutely in healthy men. Suppression is influenced by age, glucose, adiponectin, and insulin concentrations.