Usage monitoring of electrical devices in a smart home

Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2011:2011:5307-10. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2011.6091313.

Abstract

Profiling the usage of electrical devices within a smart home can be used as a method for determining an occupant's activities of daily living. A nonintrusive load monitoring system monitors the electrical consumption at a single electrical source (e.g., main electric utility service entry) and the operating schedules of individual devices are determined by disaggregating the composite electrical consumption waveforms. An electrical device's load signature plays a key role in nonintrusive load monitoring systems. A load signature is the unique electrical behaviour of an individual device when it is in operation. This paper proposes a feature-based model, using the real power and reactive power as features for describing the load signatures of individual devices. Experimental results for single device recognition for 7 devices show that the proposed approach can achieve 100% classification accuracy with discriminant analysis using Mahalanobis distances.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living*
  • Electric Power Supplies / statistics & numerical data*
  • Electricity*
  • Equipment Design
  • Equipment Failure Analysis
  • Household Articles / statistics & numerical data*
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / instrumentation*
  • Monitoring, Ambulatory / methods*
  • Remote Sensing Technology / instrumentation*