The impact of MRSA infection in the airways of children with cystic fibrosis; a case-control study

Ir Med J. Nov-Dec 2011;104(10):305-8.

Abstract

The prevalence of Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) in patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) has risen dramatically over the past 10 years. The clinical significance of MRSA in CF patients remains undetermined. We conducted a review of patients with CF infected with MRSA over a 10 year period at Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Crumlin between 1999 and 2009. We collected data from 24 patients infected with MRSA and 24 control patients without MRSA There was a significant difference between the two groups in the rate of decline in percentage FEV1 two years after MRSA infection (Difference: -17.4, 95% CI: -30.48, -4.31, p = 0.01). A similar trend was seen for FVC% and FEF25-75% predicted. This study suggests that persistent MRSA infection in the airways of children with CF is associated with diminished lung function two years post acquisition, when compared to a matched control cohort without MRSA.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cystic Fibrosis* / complications
  • Cystic Fibrosis* / microbiology
  • Cystic Fibrosis* / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus* / isolation & purification
  • Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus* / pathogenicity
  • Prevalence
  • Respiratory Function Tests
  • Respiratory System* / microbiology
  • Respiratory System* / physiopathology
  • Staphylococcal Infections / complications
  • Staphylococcal Infections / epidemiology*
  • Staphylococcal Infections / physiopathology
  • Time