Background: Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) belong to the group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas and usually run an indolent course. However, some patients progress to advanced tumour or leukaemic stages. Up to now, no curative treatment has been established for those cases. In the last few years, several publications have reported durable responses in some patients following allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT).
Objectives: To compare the efficacy and safety of conventional therapies with allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with advanced primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas.
Search methods: The search strategy included the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE (1950 to May 2011), Internet-databases of ongoing trials (www.controlled-trials.com; www.clinicaltrials.gov), conference proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO, 2009 to present) and the American Society of Hematology (ASH, 2009 to present). We also contacted members of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Cutaneous Lymphoma Task Force to check for ongoing study activities. We handsearched citations from identified trials and relevant review articles. In addition, randomised controlled trials from the European Group for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) and International Conference on Cutaneous T-cell Lymphoma, ASCO and ASH up to 2010 were handsearched.
Selection criteria: Genetically randomised controlled trials (RCT) comparing alloSCT plus conditioning therapy regardless of agents with conventional therapy as treatment for advanced CTCL were eligible to be included.
Data collection and analysis: From eligible studies data would have been extracted by two review authors and assessed for quality. Primary outcome measures were overall survival, secondary criteria were time to progression, response rate, treatment-related mortality, adverse events and quality of life.
Main results: We found 2077 citations but none were relevant genetically or non-genetically randomised controlled trials. All 41 studies that were thought to be potentially suitable were excluded after full text screening for being non-randomised, not including CTCL or being review articles.
Authors' conclusions: We planned to report evidence from genetically or non-genetically randomised controlled trials comparing conventional therapy and allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, no randomised trials addressing this question were identified. Nevertheless, prospective genetically randomised controlled trials need to be initiated to evaluate the precise role of alloSCT in advanced CTCL.