Purpose: The aim of this clinical retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical quality, success rate, and estimated survival rate of anterior veneers made of silicate glass-ceramic in a long-term analysis of up to 20 years.
Materials and methods: Anterior teeth in the maxillae and mandibles of 84 patients (38 men, 46 women) were restored with 318 porcelain veneer restorations between 1987 and 2009 at the Medical University Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria. Clinical examination was performed during patients' regularly scheduled maintenance appointments. Esthetic match, porcelain surface, marginal discoloration, and integrity were evaluated following modified California Dental Association/Ryge criteria. Veneer failures and reasons for failure were recorded. The study population included 42 (50.0%) patients diagnosed with bruxism and 23 (27.38%) smokers. The success rate was determined using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis.
Results: The mean observation time was 118 ± 63 months. Twenty-nine failures (absolute: 82.76%, relative: 17.24%) were recorded. The main reason for failure was fracture of the ceramic (44.83%). The estimated survival rate was 94.4% after 5 years, 93.5% at 10 years, and 82.93% at 20 years. Nonvital teeth showed a significantly higher failure risk (P = .0012). There was a 7.7-times greater risk of failure associated with existing parafunction (bruxism, P = .0004). Marginal discoloration was significantly greater in smokers (P ⋜ .01).
Conclusion: Porcelain laminate veneers offer a predictable and successful restoration with an estimated survival probability of 93.5% over 10 years. Significantly increased failure rates were associated with bruxism and nonvital teeth, and marginal discoloration was worse in patients who smoked.