Anthropometric profiles of elite older triathletes in the Ironman Brazil compared with those of young Portuguese triathletes and older Brazilians

J Sports Sci. 2012;30(5):479-84. doi: 10.1080/02640414.2011.647046. Epub 2012 Jan 19.


The objective of this study was to describe the anthropometric profiles of elite older triathletes participating in the 2009 Ironman Brazil and to compare their somatotype, anthropometric and body composition characteristics with those of elite young triathletes and older non-athletes. The sample consisted of 64 males, divided into three groups: (1) older triathletes (n = 17), (2) young triathletes (n = 24), and (3) older non-athletes (n = 23). Somatotype was analysed according to the Carter and Heath ( 1990 ) method. Body mass index, sum of four skinfolds, percentage body fat, body fat mass, and fat-free mass were also estimated. Older non-athletes had higher endomorphy, sum of four skinfolds, fat percentage, and body fat mass than the athletes. Older athletes who participated in the Ironman and elite young triathletes had higher fat-free mass than older non-athletes. Older triathletes and older non-athletes were considered mainly endomorphic mesomorphs and young triathletes mainly ectomorphic mesomorphs. The findings that characterize the anthropometric profile of athletes in this sports modality could be used as a reference.

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anthropometry
  • Athletes*
  • Bicycling*
  • Body Composition*
  • Body Fluid Compartments
  • Brazil
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Portugal
  • Running*
  • Skinfold Thickness
  • Somatotypes*
  • Swimming*
  • Young Adult