Assessment of radiofrequency radiation within the vicinity of some GSM base stations in Ghana

Radiat Prot Dosimetry. 2012 Aug;151(2):218-23. doi: 10.1093/rpd/ncr474. Epub 2012 Jan 18.


A radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic radiation safety survey had been carried out at public access points in 46 towns with 76 Global Systems for Mobile communication cell sites in two major cities in Ghana. The objective was to determine the levels of RF field in residential areas, schools and market places, and compare the measured results with the guidelines set by the International Commission of Non-Ionising Radiation (ICNIRP). Measurements were made with log-periodic antenna coupled with spectrum analyzer. The results varied from 0.85 to 1.07 mW m(-2) and 0.78 to 1.19 mW m(-2) for the transmission frequencies of 900 and 1800 MHz, respectively. The result generally shows a compliance with the ICNIRP limit of 0.024 % but was 108 times higher than a similar survey carried out in Ghana 2 y ago.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cell Phone*
  • Electromagnetic Radiation*
  • Environmental Exposure / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Radiation Monitoring*
  • Radio Waves*