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. 2012 Oct;28(10):1344-8.
doi: 10.1089/AID.2011.0396. Epub 2012 Mar 9.

HIV Type 1 Coreceptor Tropism, CCR5 Genotype, and Integrase Inhibitor Resistance Profiles in Vietnam: Implications for the Introduction of New Antiretroviral Regimens

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HIV Type 1 Coreceptor Tropism, CCR5 Genotype, and Integrase Inhibitor Resistance Profiles in Vietnam: Implications for the Introduction of New Antiretroviral Regimens

Quynh Phuong Luu et al. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. .

Abstract

In Vietnam, where an estimated 280,000 people will be HIV-positive by 2012, recommended antiretroviral regimens do not include more recently developed therapeutics, such as Integrase inhibitors (INI) and coreceptor antagonists. This study examined HIV-1 coreceptor tropism and INI drug resistance profiles, in parallel with CCR5 genotypes, in a cohort of 60 HIV-positive individuals from different regions of Vietnam. No evidence of INI resistance was detected. Some 40% of individuals had X4-tropic HIV-1, making them unsuitable for treatment with CCR5 antagonists. We identified a novel CCR5 variant-S272P-along with other, previously reported variants: G106R, C178R, W153C, R223Q, and S336I. Interestingly, CCR5 variants known to affect HIV-1 infectivity were observed only in individuals harboring X4-tropic virus. Together, this study presents valuable baseline information on HIV-1 INI resistance, coreceptor tropism, and CCR5 variants in HIV-positive individuals in Vietnam. This should help inform policy on the future use of novel antiretrovirals in Vietnam.

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