Phosphoinositide signaling regulates the exocyst complex and polarized integrin trafficking in directionally migrating cells

Dev Cell. 2012 Jan 17;22(1):116-30. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2011.10.030.

Abstract

Polarized delivery of signaling and adhesion molecules to the leading edge is required for directional migration of cells. Here, we describe a role for the PIP(2)-synthesizing enzyme, PIPKIγi2, in regulation of exocyst complex control of cell polarity and polarized integrin trafficking during migration. Loss of PIPKIγi2 impaired directional migration, formation of cell polarity, and integrin trafficking to the leading edge. Upon initiation of directional migration, PIPKIγi2 via PIP(2) generation controls the integration of the exocyst complex into an integrin-containing trafficking compartment that requires the talin-binding ability of PIPKIγi2, and talin for integrin recruitment to the leading edge. A PIP(2) requirement is further emphasized by inhibition of PIPKIγi2-regulated directional migration by an Exo70 mutant deficient in PIP(2) binding. These results reveal how phosphoinositide generation orchestrates polarized trafficking of integrin in coordination with talin that links integrins to the actin cytoskeleton, processes that are required for directional migration.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Communication
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cell Movement / physiology*
  • Cell Polarity
  • Exocytosis
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Focal Adhesions / physiology*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Humans
  • Immunoprecipitation
  • Integrin beta1 / metabolism*
  • Phosphatidylinositols / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor) / metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Talin / metabolism*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins / metabolism*
  • Wound Healing

Substances

  • Exo70 protein, human
  • Integrin beta1
  • Phosphatidylinositols
  • TLN1 protein, human
  • Talin
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins
  • Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)