Purpose: To develop brachytherapy recommendations covering aspects of pretreatment evaluation, treatment, and dosimetric issues for locally advanced cervical cancer.
Methods: Members of the American Brachytherapy Society (ABS) with expertise in cervical cancer brachytherapy formulated updated recommendations for locally advanced (Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Stages IB2-IVA) cervical cancer based on literature review and clinical experience.
Results: The ABS recommends the use of brachytherapy as a component of the definitive treatment of locally advanced cervical carcinoma. Precise applicator placement is necessary to maximize the probability of achieving local control without major side effects. The ABS recommends a cumulative delivered dose of approximately 80-90Gy for definitive treatment. The dose delivered to point A should be reported for all brachytherapy applications regardless of treatment-planning technique. The ABS also recommends adoption of the Groupe Européen Curiethérapie-European Society of Therapeutic Radiation Oncology (GEC-ESTRO) guidelines for contouring, image-based treatment planning, and dose reporting. Interstitial brachytherapy may be considered for a small proportion of patients whose disease cannot be adequately encompassed by intracavitary application. It should be performed by practitioners with special expertise in these procedures.
Conclusions: Updated ABS recommendations are provided for brachytherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer. Practitioners and cooperative groups are encouraged to use these recommendations to formulate their clinical practices and to adopt dose-reporting policies that are critical for outcome analysis.
Copyright © 2012 American Brachytherapy Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.