Altered metabolism is one of the most significant features of cancer cells. ATP citrate lyase (ACL), a key enzyme in de novo lipid synthesis, has been reported to be overexpressed or activated in several cancer types. To determine the role of ACL in ovarian cancer progression, we detected ACL expression in human epithelial ovarian cancer tissues. qRT-PCR and western blotting showed higher ACL expression in malignant tissues compared to normal ovarian tissues. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that phosphorylated ACL was increased in ovarian cancer tissues and that its expression correlated well with tumor grade, FIGO stage and poorer prognosis. To explore the therapeutic potential of ACL, we assessed the effect of ACL-siRNA on cellular proliferation and cell cycle distribution. ACL knockdown inhibited cellular proliferation and induced cell cycle arrest in A2780 cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that ACL may contribute to the pathogenesis of human epithelial ovarian cancer, and may serve as a novel therapeutic target.