Periorbital rejuvenation with fractional 1,550-nm ytterbium/erbium fiber laser and variable square pulse 2,940-nm erbium:YAG laser in Asians: a comparison study

Dermatol Surg. 2012 Apr;38(4):610-22. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4725.2011.02298.x. Epub 2012 Jan 23.

Abstract

Background: Ablative and fractional lasers are used for periorbital rejuvenation, with different downtime, side effects, and efficacy.

Objectives: To compare effects of fractional 1,550-nm ytterbium- and erbium-doped (Yb/Er) fiber laser and variable square pulse (VSP) 2,940-nm erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser treatment for periorbital wrinkles.

Materials and methods: This side-by-side comparison study randomized 22 women with mild to moderate periorbital rhytides to receive three treatments with fractional 1,550-nm Yb/Er fiber laser or 2,940-nm Er:YAG laser treatment on either side at 4-week intervals. A video camera was used for objective assessment of wrinkles. Standardized photographs, patient satisfaction, side effects, and pain score were recorded.

Results: Twenty subjects completed the study. The median change in wrinkle measurement 3 months after laser treatments from baseline of the fractional Yb/Er fiber laser side was -3.03 versus -3.09 on the VSP Er:YAG side (p = .63, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). There was no significant difference in degree of wrinkle improvement analyzed according to global assessment between the sides (p = .25, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). Less downtime correlated with greater patient satisfaction of the fractional laser treatment . Two subjects experienced hyperpigmentation.

Conclusion: Fractional Yb/Er fiber and VSP Er:YAG lasers are effective in improving periorbital wrinkles in Asians, with minimal side effects.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Asian People
  • Erbium*
  • Eye
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lasers, Solid-State*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Rejuvenation*
  • Rhytidoplasty / methods*
  • Single-Blind Method
  • Ytterbium*

Substances

  • Erbium
  • Ytterbium