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Practice Guideline
, 13 Suppl 1 (Suppl 1), S1-29

Reference Programme: Diagnosis and Treatment of Headache Disorders and Facial Pain. Danish Headache Society, 2nd Edition, 2012

Practice Guideline

Reference Programme: Diagnosis and Treatment of Headache Disorders and Facial Pain. Danish Headache Society, 2nd Edition, 2012

Lars Bendtsen et al. J Headache Pain.


Headache and facial pain are among the most common, disabling and costly disorders in Europe. Correct diagnosis and treatment is important for achieving a high quality of care. As a national organisation whose role is to educate and advocate for the needs of patients with primary headaches, the Danish Headache Society has set up a task force to develop a set of guidelines for the diagnosis, organisation and treatment of the most common types of headaches and for trigeminal neuralgia in Denmark. The guideline was published in Danish in 2010 and has been a great success. The Danish Headache Society decided to translate and publish our guideline in English to stimulate the discussion on optimal organisation and treatment of headache disorders and to encourage other national headache authorities to produce their own guidelines. The recommendations regarding the most common primary headaches and trigeminal neuralgia are largely in accordance with the European guidelines produced by the European Federation of Neurological Societies. The guideline provides a practical tool for use in daily clinical practice for primary care physicians, neurologists with a common interest in headache, as well as other health-care professionals treating headache patients. The guideline first describes how to examine and diagnose the headache patient and how headache treatment is organised in Denmark. This description is followed by individual sections on the characteristics, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of each of the major headache disorders and trigeminal neuralgia. The guideline includes many tables to facilitate a quick overview. Finally, the particular problems regarding headache in children and headache in relation to female hormones and pregnancy are described.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Headache diary. Available for download at
Fig. 2
Fig. 2
Headache calendar. Available for download at Fold around the centre to A5 format; however, it may also be folded twice to A6 format to fit a pocket book or similar such book
Fig. 3
Fig. 3
Organisation of the diagnosis and treatment of headache disorders and facial pain in Denmark

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