The relationship between interdigestive gallbladder and gastroduodenal motility simultaneously with the behavior of plasma motilin and CCK levels in 20 subjects was investigated. We used an infusion catheter method for the measurement of gastroduodenal motility, and real-time ultrasonography for the measurement of gallbladder size. In gastric phase II, the gallbladder contracted with extension of the major axis and shrinking of the minor axis, with its minimum volume being 84% of the volume in phase I. The gallbladder then filled rapidly assuming a sphere-like shape with extension of the minor axis and shrinking of the major axis in gastric phase I. This motility was recognized only during the gastrointestinal interdigestive migrating complex (GI-IMC) cycle, originating in the stomach, and was associated with an increase of motilin levels, it was not seen before or after the intestinal IMC (I-IMC), which originated in the duodenum without contraction of the stomach or an increase of motilin levels. Furthermore no apparent relationship was recognized between CCK and gastric or gallbladder motility. Our findings suggest that gallbladder motility in the interdigestive period has a close relationship with gastroduodenal motility and is related to the appearance of the GI-IMC.