High resolution manometry findings in patients with esophageal epiphrenic diverticula

Am Surg. 2011 Dec;77(12):1661-4.


The pathophysiology of esophageal epiphrenic diverticula is still uncertain even though a concomitant motility disorder is found in the majority of patients in different series. High resolution manometry may allow detection of motor abnormalities in a higher number of patients with esophageal epiphrenic diverticula compared with conventional manometry. This study aims to evaluate the high resolution manometry findings in patients with esophageal epiphrenic diverticula. Nine individuals (mean age 63 ± 10 years, 4 females) with esophageal epiphrenic diverticula underwent high resolution manometry. A single diverticulum was observed in eight patients and multiple diverticula in one. Visual analysis of conventional tracings and color pressure plots for identification of segmental abnormalities was performed by two researchers experienced in high resolution manometry. Upper esophageal sphincter was normal in all patients. Esophageal body was abnormal in eight patients; lower esophageal sphincter was abnormal in seven patients. Named esophageal motility disorders were found in seven patients: achalasia in six, diffuse esophageal spasm in one. In one patient, a segmental hypercontractile zone was noticed with pressure of 196 mm Hg. High resolution manometry demonstrated motor abnormalities in all patients with esophageal epiphrenic diverticula.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Diverticulum, Esophageal / diagnosis*
  • Diverticulum, Esophageal / physiopathology
  • Esophagus / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Motility*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Male
  • Manometry / methods*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pressure
  • Reproducibility of Results