Construction of a Series of pSAM2-based Integrative Vectors for Use in Actinomycetes

Gene. 1990 Sep 28;94(1):53-9. doi: 10.1016/0378-1119(90)90467-6.


We have developed vectors which allowed integration of cloned DNA at a single site in the chromosome of Streptomyces lividans 66. These vectors made use of (1) an Escherichia coli replicon, (2) a thiostrepton (Th)- and a streptomycin/spectinomycin-resistance gene for selection in Streptomyces, (3) a 3.5-kb fragment of the Streptomyces integrative plasmid pSAM2 containing its xis and int genes as well as its attachment site, attP, to direct the integration of the vectors at the chromosomal pSAM2 attachment site attB, (4) the origin of transfer of the IncP broad-host-range plasmid RK2 which allowed the mobilization of the vectors from E. coli to S. lividans, and (5) the Th-inducible tipA promoter to permit regulated transcription of cloned genes. We demonstrated that pPM927, a plasmid which contained all of these elements, was able to transfer cloned fragments from E. coli to S. lividans by conjugation, stably integrate into the chromosome, and express cloned genes from the tipA promoter. Furthermore, since pPM927 contained the pBR322 replicon, cloned fragments could be conveniently recovered from the S. lividans chromosome for analysis in E. coli by cleavage of genomic DNA isolated from transformed strains, intramolecular ligation and transformation. Since we have shown that the pSAM2 attB site forms part of a conserved prokaryotic tRNA gene, these integrative vectors are potentially useful tools for analysis and expression of genes in diverse bacteria.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actinomycetales / genetics*
  • Base Sequence
  • Chromosomes, Bacterial
  • Cloning, Molecular / methods
  • Escherichia coli / genetics
  • Genetic Engineering / methods
  • Genetic Vectors*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oligonucleotide Probes
  • Plasmids*
  • Replicon
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Streptomyces / genetics*


  • Oligonucleotide Probes