Background: Few studies have associated anthropometric measurements and lipid profile with hypertension in adult populations and to the best of our knowledge none has been done in Turkey
Objectives: To relate anthropometric derivatives of overweight/obesity with hyperlipidemia status in a group of Turkish hypertensive adults.
Methods: Six hundred forty nine (307 male, 342 female) hypertensive adults aged between 20 and 64 years were included in the study.
Results: The mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) of participants were measured as 147.6 ± 17.2 and 91.4 ± 10.4 mmHg for males and 149.9 ± 16.3 and 91.1 ± 9.4 mmHg for females, respectively. With respect to BMI classification systolic BP was significantly higher in obese males and females, and diastolic BP was only higher in obese females (p<0.05). According to BMIs for lipid profile, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC) levels were found to be lower in normal females than other BMI groups. Age and waist circumference (WC) in particular was the most related factor for systolic and diastolic BP in both genders (p<0.05).
Conclusions: This study indicates most hypertensive adults surveyed were overweight and obese. Furthermore, age and WC were the important factors that affects the systolic and diastolic BP in both genders.
Keywords: Hypertension; body mass index; lipid profiles; waist circumference.