Eligible outpatients with heart failure (HF) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) frequently do not receive target doses of HF medications. The Registry to Improve the Use of Evidence-Based Heart Failure Therapies in the Outpatient Setting (IMPROVE HF) evaluated the effect of a practice-based performance improvement intervention on treatment of outpatients with LVEF ≤35%. Specific agent and dose were collected at baseline and 24 months for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), β-blockers, and aldosterone antagonists. Changes in dosing over time were analyzed for each medication class. Data were available for 7605 patients. At baseline, target dose treatment rates were 36.1%, 20.5%, and 74.4%, respectively. Absolute and relative improvements of 9.8% and 47.7% ( P<.001) were achieved for β-blocker dosing at 24 months. The IMPROVE HF intervention was associated with significantly increased treatment of eligible patients with target doses of β-blockers but not ACE inhibitors/ARBs or aldosterone antagonists. Additional research to determine barriers to use of target doses of HF medications may be necessary.
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.