Expert consensus document on the measurement of aortic stiffness in daily practice using carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity

J Hypertens. 2012 Mar;30(3):445-8. doi: 10.1097/HJH.0b013e32834fa8b0.


Stiffness of elastic arteries like the aorta predicts cardiovascular risk. By directly reflecting arterial stiffness, having the best predictive value for cardiovascular outcome and the ease of its measurement, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity is now considered the gold standard for arterial stiffness assessment in daily practice. Many different measurement procedures have been proposed. Therefore, standardization of its measurement is urgently needed, particularly regarding the distance measurement. This consensus document advises on the measurement procedures in general and provides arguments for the use of 80% of the direct carotid-femoral distance as the most accurate distance estimate. It also advises the use of 10 m/s as new cut-off value for carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Carotid Arteries / physiology
  • Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular*
  • Femoral Artery / physiology
  • Humans
  • Pulse
  • Vascular Stiffness*