Hepatic injury induced by bile salts: correlation between biochemical and morphological events

Hepatology. 1990 Nov;12(5):1216-21. doi: 10.1002/hep.1840120523.


Continuous intravenous infusion of taurochenodeoxycholate at a rate of 0.4 mumol.min-1.100 gm-1 for only 30 min in rats caused threefold to tenfold greater release of proteins (alkaline phosphatase, lactate dehydrogenase and albumin) into bile in comparison with animals infused with tauroursodeoxycholate at much higher rates (1.8 mumol.min-1.100 gm-1) for 2 hr. The simultaneous infusion of tauroursodeoxycholate and taurochenodeoxycholate (0.6 and 0.4 mumol.min-1.100 gm-1, respectively) for 2 hr prevented the marked biochemical changes in the bile induced by taurochenodeoxycholate for 15 to 60 min exhibited significantly more necrotic hepatocytes, especially in zone 1, in comparison with animals infused with tauroursodeoxycholate or a combination of taurochenodeoxycholate and tauroursodeoxycholate. A good correlation was observed between biochemical and morphological indices of bile acid-induced hepatocyte injury. These data suggest that (a) primary events induced by the acute infusion of toxic bile salts responsible for cholestasis include zone 1 hepatocellular necrosis and (b) this can be prevented by the simultaneous infusion of tauroursodeoxycholate.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bile / drug effects
  • Bile / metabolism
  • Bile / physiology
  • Bile Acids and Salts / pharmacology*
  • Liver / drug effects*
  • Liver / metabolism
  • Liver / pathology
  • Male
  • Necrosis
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred Strains
  • Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid / pharmacology
  • Taurocholic Acid / pharmacology


  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Proteins
  • Taurochenodeoxycholic Acid
  • Taurocholic Acid
  • ursodoxicoltaurine