Assessing self-efficacy to reduce one's drinking: further evaluation of the Alcohol Reduction Strategies-Current Confidence questionnaire

Alcohol Alcohol. May-Jun 2012;47(3):312-6. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agr172. Epub 2012 Jan 25.


Aims: To evaluate the psychometric properties of a previously published questionnaire designed to assess young drinkers' self-efficacy to employ 31 cognitive-behavioral alcohol reduction strategies.

Methods: Undergraduates (n = 353) recruited from a large Midwestern university completed the previously published Alcohol Reduction Strategies-Current Confidence questionnaire (and other measures) for a self-selected heavy drinking setting.

Results: Item loadings from a principal components analysis, a high internal consistency reliability coefficient, and a moderate mean inter-item correlation suggested that all 31 items comprised a single scale. Correlations of questionnaire scores with selected aspects of drinking history and personality provided support for criterion and discriminant validity, respectively. Women reported higher current confidence to use these strategies than did men, but current confidence did not vary as a function of recent binge status.

Conclusion: Given this further demonstration of its psychometric qualities, this questionnaire holds promise as a clinical tool to identify clients who lack confidence in their ability to employ cognitive-behavioral coping strategies to reduce their drinking.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychometrics / instrumentation
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Students / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires