HIV seropositivity among patients with sexually transmitted diseases in Vellore

Indian J Med Res. 1990 Jul;91:239-41.

Abstract

In a prospective, systematic investigation, 2215 new patients with sexually transmitted diseases (STD) were screened for human immuno deficiency virus (HIV) infection during April 1986 to December 1988. Among them 9 were positive for HIV antibody giving a rate of 4/1000. In addition, 5 patients had been referred to our clinic with a diagnosis of HIV infection and STD. Among these 14, there was one married couple. Of the remaining 5 married individuals, 4 were men; the wives of 3 of them were infected but asymptomatic, and were not included in this report. The rate of conjugal infection was 71 per cent. Most (57%) patients belonged to poor socio-economic background; 78 per cent of patients were young, in the age group 15-25 yr. The presenting STD were syphilis, venereal warts, gonorrhoea, chancroid, genital herpes, non-gonococcal urethritis and candidiasis. It appeared that the course of associated STD had not been altered in these HIV infected individuals.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • HIV Antibodies / analysis
  • HIV Seropositivity / complications*
  • HIV Seropositivity / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Marriage
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases / complications*

Substances

  • HIV Antibodies