Children of alcoholics (COA) and adult children of alcoholics (ACA) are identified as a group with recognizable characteristics resulting from their childhood situation. The major conclusions in the literature regarding the psychosocial consequences of being a COA are reviewed. Two lists, one for children and one for adults, are provided which summarize these consequences. Variables which influence these effects are discussed, as well as the development of adult psychopathology from child psychopathology. Treatment strategies designed to prevent this development are reviewed briefly and a resource table for COAs is presented.