Breast implant infections

Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2012 Mar;26(1):111-25. doi: 10.1016/j.idc.2011.09.003.


Infection after breast implant surgery occurs in 1.1% to 2.5% of procedures performed for augmentation and up to 35% of procedures performed for reconstruction after mastectomy. Most infections result from skin organisms and occur in the immediate postoperative period, although infections can occasionally present after many years. Diagnosis of breast implant infection relies on the clinical presentation of breast pain, swelling, erythema, and drainage in conjunction with ultrasound-guided cultures of periprosthetic fluid. Management commonly involves implant removal, with device salvage attempted in select situations.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Breast Implantation / adverse effects
  • Breast Implantation / methods
  • Breast Implants / adverse effects*
  • Device Removal
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / diagnosis
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / etiology*
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections / therapy
  • Risk Factors


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents