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, 161 (1), 129-33.e1-3

Pulmonary Involvement in Pediatric-Onset Multisystem Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis: Effect on Course and Outcome

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Pulmonary Involvement in Pediatric-Onset Multisystem Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis: Effect on Course and Outcome

Leila Ronceray et al. J Pediatr.

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the effect of pulmonary involvement on the course and outcome of multisystem Langerhans cell histiocytosis (MS-LCH) in children.

Study design: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 420 consecutive patients with MS-LCH. In this analysis, the term "risk organs" is defined as involvement of the liver, spleen, and/or hematopoietic system. The effect of pulmonary involvement on survival was assessed with multivariate Cox regression with adjustment for risk organs involvement and age.

Results: Pulmonary involvement in MS-LCH was present at diagnosis in 102 patients (24%). Of the 318 patients without pulmonary involvement at diagnosis, it developed in 28 within a median of 10 months (range, 1 month-5.5 years). The 5-year overall survival rate in patients without risk organ involvement at diagnosis was 96% in patients without pulmonary involvement and 94% in those with pulmonary involvement. In patients with risk organ involvement at diagnosis, the 5-year overall survival rate was 73% in patients without pulmonary involvement and 65% in patients with pulmonary involvement. In multivariate analysis, pulmonary involvement at diagnosis had no significant impact on survival rats (P = .109, hazard ratio = 1.5).

Conclusions: In multivariate analysis, pulmonary involvement was not an independent prognostic variable and should therefore be excluded from the definition of risk organ involvement in MS-LCH.

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