Objectives: To assess the effect of prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease on neurocognitive outcomes in children with d-transposition of the great arteries (TGA) after surgical correction.
Study design: A prospective study of children born with a TGA between 2003 and 2005 and aged 4 to 6 years was conducted. General intelligence, language, executive functions, and social cognition scores and preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative factors were evaluated according to time of TGA diagnosis. Neurocognitive data were also compared with a control group.
Results: Forty-five eligible patients (67% male) were examined; 29 had a prenatal diagnosis of TGA and 16 did not. All children were comparable in age, sex, and demographic variables. Diagnostic groups did not differ in preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables. Preoperative acidosis was more frequent in the postnatal group (18% versus 3%). All patients had normal IQ scores, language, and verbal working memory. However, neurocognitive deficits were more prevalent and more severe in children with a postnatal-TGA. Prenatal diagnosis was associated with better outcomes in executive functions.
Conclusions: Prenatal diagnosis of TGA is associated with better neurocognitive outcomes. Time of diagnosis may influence the development of early complex cognitive skills such as executive functions.
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