The HIVdb system for HIV-1 genotypic resistance interpretation

Intervirology. 2012;55(2):98-101. doi: 10.1159/000331998. Epub 2012 Jan 24.


The Stanford HIV Drug Resistance Database hosts a freely available online genotypic resistance interpretation system called HIVdb to help clinicians and laboratories interpret HIV-1 genotypic resistance tests. These tests are designed to assess susceptibility to nucleoside and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI and NNRTI), protease inhibitors and integrase inhibitors. The HIVdb genotypic resistance interpretation system output consists of (1) a list of penalty scores for each antiretroviral (ARV) resistance mutation in a submitted sequence, (2) estimates of decreased NRTI, NNRTI, protease and integrase inhibitor susceptibility, and (3) comments about each ARV resistance mutation in the submitted sequence. The application's strengths are its convenience for submitting sequences, its quality control analysis, its transparency and its extensive comments. The Sierra Web service is an extension that enables laboratories analyzing many sequences to individualize the format of their results. The algorithm specification interface compiler makes it possible for HIVdb to provide results using a variety of different HIV-1 genotypic resistance interpretation algorithms.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-HIV Agents / pharmacology*
  • Computational Biology / methods*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Databases, Genetic
  • HIV Infections / virology
  • HIV-1 / drug effects*
  • HIV-1 / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Internet
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests / methods*
  • Molecular Typing / methods*


  • Anti-HIV Agents