[Diagnosis and treatment of patellar instability]

Rev Med Suisse. 2011 Dec 21;7(322):2494-9.
[Article in French]


Patellar instability concerns mostly young and active patients. Because of the condition's multifactorial origin, knowledge about the risk factors of patella instability and the biomechanics of the femoropatellar joint are necessary to understand this disorder. Most of the patellar dislocations are spontaneously reduced. Only the patient's history, clinical examination and appropriate imaging lead to the correct diagnosis. If haemarthrosis is present, MRI is recommended to rule out concomitant injuries. A traumatic patellar dislocation without history of prior dislocation is treated conservatively. Surgical treatment is indicated in presence of intra-articular injury or for recurrent dislocations. The surgical procedure should correct the different factors of patella instability identified by preoperative analysis.

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Humans
  • Joint Instability / diagnosis*
  • Joint Instability / physiopathology
  • Joint Instability / therapy*
  • Knee Joint / physiopathology*
  • Orthopedic Procedures
  • Physical Examination