Trial of multidisciplinary observation at an expandable sub-marine cabled station "off-hatsushima island observatory" in sagami bay, Japan

Sensors (Basel). 2009;9(11):9241-54. doi: 10.3390/s91109241. Epub 2009 Nov 18.


Sagami Bay is an active tectonic area in Japan. In 1993, a real-time deep sea floor observatory was deployed at 1,175 m depth about 7 km off Hatsushima Island, Sagami Bay to monitor seismic activities and other geophysical phenomena. Video cameras monitored biological activities associated with tectonic activities. The observation system was renovated completely in 2000. An ocean bottom electromagnetic meter (OBEM), an ocean bottom differential pressure gauge (DPG) system, and an ocean bottom gravity meter (OBG) were installed January 2005; operations began in February of that year. An earthquake (M5.4) in April 2006, generated a submarine landslide that reached the Hatsushima Observatory, moving some sensors. The video camera took movies of mudflows; OBEM and other sensors detected distinctive changes occurring with the mudflow. Although the DPG and OBG were recovered in January 2008, the OBEM continues to obtain data.

Keywords: expandable submarine cabled station; multidisciplinary observation; ocean bottom electro-magnetometer.