Deep brain stimulation for movement disorders

Front Integr Neurosci. 2012 Jan 25:6:2. doi: 10.3389/fnint.2012.00002. eCollection 2012.


Stereotactic technique and the introduction of deep brain stimulation (DBS) can be considered two milestones in the field of surgical neuromodulation. At present the role of DBS in the treatment of clinically and epidemiologically relevant movement disorders is widely accepted and DBS procedures are performed in many clinical centers worldwide. Here we review the current state of the art of DBS treatment for the most common movement disorders: Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia. In this review, we give a brief description of the candidate patient selection criteria, the different anatomical targets for each of these condition, and the expected outcomes as well as possible side effects.

Keywords: DBS; Parkinson’s disease; dystonia; essential tremor; movement disorders.