Objective: To identify genomic variants in the 19q13 chromosome region associated with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-B27-positive populations.
Methods: High-throughput genotyping of 1536 haplotype-tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was performed in 249 patients with AS and 302 healthy controls. Some of the identified associations were validated by genotyping four SNPs in two additional cohorts consisting of 412 cases/301 controls and 144 cases/203 controls. All individuals selected (both cases and controls) were HLA-B27-positive.
Results: Two markers in two different genes (CNOT3 and LAIR2) showed significant association (p<10(-3)) with AS. In addition, sliding windows analysis showed association of groups of adjacent SNPs in regions located around CNOT3 (Chr19: 59347459-59356564, p=2.43 × 10(-4) to 6.54 × 10(-4)). The associations were validated by genotyping four SNPs from regions located near LAIR2 and CNOT3 genes (rs1055234, rs8111398, rs2287828 and rs4591276) in two additional cohorts. The CNOT3 polymorphism (rs1055234) remained associated with AS (combined p=9.73 × 10(-6)). One SNP, located downstream of KIR3DL1, was detected which, tested in combination with HLA-Bw4I80, was associated with AS.
Conclusion: A novel significant association was detected between SNP rs1055234 and AS susceptibility.