The consensus sleep diary: standardizing prospective sleep self-monitoring

Sleep. 2012 Feb 1;35(2):287-302. doi: 10.5665/sleep.1642.


Study objectives: To present an expert consensus, standardized, patient-informed sleep diary.

Methods and results: Sleep diaries from the original expert panel of 25 attendees of the Pittsburgh Assessment Conference(1) were collected and reviewed. A smaller subset of experts formed a committee and reviewed the compiled diaries. Items deemed essential were included in a Core sleep diary, and those deemed optional were retained for an expanded diary. Secondly, optional items would be available in other versions. A draft of the Core and optional versions along with a feedback questionnaire were sent to members of the Pittsburgh Assessment Conference. The feedback from the group was integrated and the diary drafts were subjected to 6 focus groups composed of good sleepers, people with insomnia, and people with sleep apnea. The data were summarized into themes and changes to the drafts were made in response to the focus groups. The resultant draft was evaluated by another focus group and subjected to lexile analyses. The lexile analyses suggested that the Core diary instructions are at a sixth-grade reading level and the Core diary was written at a third-grade reading level.

Conclusions: The Consensus Sleep Diary was the result of collaborations with insomnia experts and potential users. The adoption of a standard sleep diary for insomnia will facilitate comparisons across studies and advance the field. The proposed diary is intended as a living document which still needs to be tested, refined, and validated.

Keywords: Sleep diary; insomnia; sleep assessment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Consensus*
  • Female
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Records, Personal*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Self Report / standards*
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Apnea Syndromes / complications
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / complications
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / diagnosis
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / complications*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / diagnosis*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult