Single-molecule studies of viral DNA packaging

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2012;726:549-84. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4614-0980-9_24.

Abstract

Many double-stranded DNA bacteriophages and viruses use specialized ATP-driven molecular machines to package their genomes into tightly confined procapsid shells. Over the last decade, single-molecule approaches - and in particular, optical tweezers - have made key contributions to our understanding of this remarkable process. In this chapter, we review these advances and the insights they have provided on the packaging mechanisms of three bacteriophages: φ 29, λ, and T4.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Bacteriophages / genetics*
  • Bacteriophages / metabolism*
  • Bacteriophages / ultrastructure
  • DNA Packaging*
  • DNA, Viral / chemistry*
  • DNA, Viral / metabolism*
  • Models, Molecular
  • Molecular Motor Proteins / chemistry
  • Molecular Motor Proteins / metabolism
  • Optical Tweezers
  • Protein Conformation
  • Protein Subunits / chemistry
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism
  • Viral Proteins / chemistry
  • Viral Proteins / metabolism
  • Virus Assembly / genetics*

Substances

  • DNA, Viral
  • Molecular Motor Proteins
  • Protein Subunits
  • Viral Proteins
  • Adenosine Triphosphate