Adverse cardiovascular effects of anabolic steroids: pathophysiology imaging

Eur J Clin Invest. 2012 Jul;42(7):795-803. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2362.2011.02642.x. Epub 2012 Feb 2.


Background: Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are widely abused for enhancing muscle mass, strength, growth and improving athletic performance.

Materials and methods: In recent years, many observational and interventional studies have shown important adverse cardiovascular effects of AAS abuse.

Conclusions: This review discusses established and future perspectives of novel molecular imaging techniques that may serve as potential tools for early detection of AAS-associated cardiovascular disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anabolic Agents / adverse effects*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / chemically induced*
  • Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena / drug effects
  • Cardiovascular System / drug effects*
  • Doping in Sports
  • Humans
  • Molecular Imaging / methods*
  • Steroids / adverse effects*


  • Anabolic Agents
  • Steroids