Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) is a rare condition in which there is a nonnatural communication between the biliary tract and the bronchial trees. It is usually aroused by the complications of hepatic hydatidosis, hepatic amebic, biliary obstruction, trauma, neoplasm and hepatic abscess formation. In this paper, we described a patient suffering from BBF that is secondary to trauma or surgery. Especially, BBF was detected in the left lung. Finally, we managed this case successfully without an open surgery.