Regulation of cell signaling by Wnt proteins is critical for the formation of neuronal circuits. Wnts modulate axon pathfinding, dendritic development, and synaptic assembly. Through different receptors, Wnts activate diverse signaling pathways that lead to local changes on the cytoskeleton or global cellular changes involving nuclear function. Recently, a link between neuronal activity, essential for the formation and refinement of neuronal connections, and Wnt signaling has been uncovered. Indeed, neuronal activity regulates the release of Wnt and the localization of their receptors. Wnts mediate synaptic structural changes induced by neuronal activity or experience. New emerging evidence suggests that dysfunction in Wnt signaling contributes to neurological disorders. In this article, the attention is focused on the function of Wnt signaling in the formation of neuronal circuits in the vertebrate central nervous system.