Biomechanical Evaluation of Classic Solid and Novel All-Soft Suture Anchors for Glenoid Labral Repair

Arthroscopy. 2012 May;28(5):642-8. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2011.10.024. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the biomechanical performance of an all-soft suture anchor (JuggerKnot; Biomet, Warsaw, IN) in comparison with a classic solid suture anchor (2.4-mm biocomposite SutureTak; Arthrex, Naples, FL) in an in vitro labral repair model.

Methods: We dissected 12 cadaveric shoulders (mean age, 61 ± 9.4 years), leaving the labrum intact, and bone mineral density was obtained (mean, 0.375 ± 0.06 g/cm(3)). Simulated labral tears were made at the anteroinferior and posteroinferior edges of the labrum. Repairs used 2 all-soft suture anchors (JuggerKnot) or 2 solid anchors with free, high-strength No. 2 suture (FiberWire; Arthrex) spanning the operative construct to load the repair. Differential variable reluctance transducers were used to measure labral displacement for each specimen. The testing protocol consisted of a preconditioning phase at 10 N for 10 cycles (1 Hz) and then a final load-to-failure testing at a rate of 3 mm/min. Labral displacement of 2 mm was determined as the primary outcome.

Results: There was no statistical difference (P = .22) in ultimate load to failure and displacement at ultimate failure (anchor pullout) between the all-soft JuggerKnot (146.0 ± 43.0 N and 19.8 ± 5.4 mm, respectively) and the solid SutureTak (171.9 ± 52.6 N and 22.3 ± 6.8 mm, respectively). The solid anchor had a significantly higher ultimate load at 2 mm of labral displacement than the all-soft suture anchor (84.1 ± 19.0 N and 39.2 ± 10.6 N, respectively; P < .001).

Conclusions: Whereas both the solid SutureTak and the all-soft JuggerKnot displayed similar results on ultimate load-to-failure testing, the solid anchor required significantly greater load for 2 mm of labral displacement than the all-soft anchor.

Clinical relevance: The all-soft anchor (JuggerKnot) is similar in biomechanical performance to the classic solid anchor (SutureTak) with the exception of load at 2 mm of labral displacement, suggesting micromotion of the device.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Arm Injuries / surgery*
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Female
  • Glenoid Cavity
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Orthopedic Procedures / instrumentation*
  • Shoulder Joint / injuries*
  • Shoulder Joint / surgery
  • Suture Anchors*
  • Weight-Bearing