Introduction and hypothesis: The clinical evaluation of anterior vaginal wall masses can present a dilemma, as there are no well-defined pathways for diagnosis and management. Our objective was to evaluate the role and accuracy of preoperative exam and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for these masses.
Methods: We identified women with a mass using billing codes for 10 years. We compared data from the preoperative evaluation to postoperative pathology if available.
Results: Analysis after chart review on 47 women was performed. Of the 34 women who had surgery, 28 (82.4%) also underwent an MRI. MRI diagnosis was accurate in 22/28 women compared to histology, inconclusive in 4, and inaccurate in 2. Preoperative diagnosis, including exam, MRI, and cystourethroscopy, had a diagnostic accuracy of 94.1% compared to postoperative diagnosis. The positive predictive value of MRI alone was 91.7%.
Conclusions: Preoperative diagnosis using exam, MRI, and cystourethroscopy have a high diagnostic accuracy for anterior vaginal wall masses.