Lasers for the treatment of intraocular tumors

Lasers Med Sci. 2013 May;28(3):1025-34. doi: 10.1007/s10103-012-1052-0.


Lasers are used extensively in ophthalmology for a variety of conditions, including many choroidal and retinal tumors. With technologic advances, current therapy attempts not only to maximize survival with globe-salvaging treatment, but also to preserve vision. Each neoplasm has different indications for primary and adjuvant therapy, as well as differing laser treatment protocols. Additionally, there are numerous laser applications available for use, including laser photocoagulation, transpupillary thermotherapy (TTT), and photodynamic therapy (PDT). The current review outlines the basic principles of laser treatment for intraocular tumors, focusing on the indications, treatment protocols, efficacy, and safety, while also presenting the latest advances in intraocular tumor treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Choroid Neoplasms / therapy
  • Eye Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Hemangioma / therapy
  • Humans
  • Hyperthermia, Induced / methods
  • Laser Therapy / adverse effects
  • Laser Therapy / methods*
  • Light Coagulation / methods
  • Melanoma / therapy
  • Nevus / therapy
  • Photochemotherapy / methods
  • Radiation Injuries / therapy
  • Retina / injuries
  • Retina / radiation effects
  • Retinal Neoplasms / therapy
  • Retinoblastoma / therapy