Coronary artery calcification and coronary atherosclerotic disease

Cardiol Clin. 2012 Feb;30(1):19-47. doi: 10.1016/j.ccl.2011.10.001. Epub 2011 Dec 6.

Abstract

The presence of coronary artery calcium is closely associated with the presence of atherosclerotic lesions in the coronary vasculature. Detection of coronary calcium by imaging techniques has evolved over the last few decades and has become especially more sophisticated with advanced imaging technology. Whereas the status of coronary artery calcium as a marker of increased cardiovascular risk is well established, the indication for testing continues to be a topic of debate.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Ambulatory Care / economics
  • Aortic Diseases / ethnology
  • Aortic Diseases / mortality
  • Aortic Diseases / pathology
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Continental Population Groups*
  • Coronary Angiography / methods
  • Coronary Artery Disease / ethnology
  • Coronary Artery Disease / mortality
  • Coronary Artery Disease / pathology*
  • Coronary Vessels / metabolism
  • Costs and Cost Analysis
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / economics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / ethnology
  • Metabolic Syndrome / mortality
  • Metabolic Syndrome / pathology
  • Middle Aged
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Vascular Calcification / ethnology
  • Vascular Calcification / mortality
  • Vascular Calcification / pathology*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Calcium