Reduced immediate ischemic events with cangrelor in PCI: a pooled analysis of the CHAMPION trials using the universal definition of myocardial infarction

Am Heart J. 2012 Feb;163(2):182-90.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2011.11.001.


Background: There is a clinical need for an intravenous P2Y(12) inhibitor in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) for patients who are unable to take oral medications or might benefit from a rapidly reversible compound. As the time from admission to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) shortens, establishing the benefit of novel therapies impacting ischemic events is increasingly challenging. Cangrelor, an intravenous potent rapidly acting P2Y(12) inhibitor, bolus 30 μg/Kg plus infusion of 4 μg/Kg/min, was compared to a 600-mg loading dose of clopidogrel either before or early after PCI in patients with ACS undergoing PCI in The CHAMPION (Cangrelor versus standard tHerapy to Achieve optimal Management of Platelet InhibitiON) PLATFORM and PCI studies.

Methods: As both CHAMPION studies used similar inclusion/exclusion criteria and death, myocardial infarction, or ischemia-driven revascularization (including stent thrombosis) at 48 hours as their primary end points, the studies were pooled. The clinical events committee adjudicated myocardial infarction. The universal definition was used to define myocardial infarction.

Results: A total of 13 049 patients were included. Cangrelor had no effect on the primary end point with the original MI definition (P = .646). With the use of the universal definition, the primary end point was decreased with cangrelor (odds ratio 0.82, 95% confidence interval 0.68-0.99, P = .037). Stent thrombosis was reduced from 0.4% to 0.2% (odds ratio 0.44, 95% confidence interval 0.22-0.87, P = .018). Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction major bleeding and transfusions were not increased with cangrelor.

Conclusion: With the use of the universal definition of myocardial infarction, cangrelor was associated with a significant reduction in early ischemic events when compared with clopidogrel in patients with non-ST-elevation ACS undergoing PCI.

Trial registration: NCT00305162 NCT00385138.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Monophosphate / administration & dosage
  • Adenosine Monophosphate / analogs & derivatives*
  • Adenosine Monophosphate / therapeutic use
  • Aged
  • Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary*
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Electrocardiography*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnosis
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology
  • Myocardial Infarction / therapy*
  • Myocardial Ischemia / epidemiology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / etiology
  • Myocardial Ischemia / prevention & control
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control*
  • Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists / administration & dosage
  • Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists / therapeutic use
  • Survival Rate
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Purinergic P2Y Receptor Antagonists
  • Adenosine Monophosphate
  • cangrelor

Associated data