Background: Tacrolimus is a substrate of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) and P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the CYP3A and ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1) genes, respectively. This study was aimed to investigate the impact of CYP3A and ABCB1 polymorphisms on the tacrolimus pharmacokinetics and clinical outcomes in Korean renal transplant recipients.
Methods: We analyzed data from a cohort of 70 renal transplant recipients receiving tacrolimus. CYP3A4*4, CYP3A4*5, CYP3A4*18, CYP3A5*3, ABCB1 C1236>T, ABCB1 G2677>T/A, and ABCB1 C3435>T polymorphisms were genotyped and correlated to dose-adjusted tacrolimus trough concentration at months 1, 3, 6, and 12 after transplantation.
Results: Patients with the CYP3A5*3 alleles showed higher dose-adjusted tacrolimus concentrations for 12 months and higher trough levels until 6 months after transplantation. ABCB1 polymorphisms and haplotypes were not associated with tacrolimus concentrations. In a multivariate analysis, the presence of ≥1 CYP3A5*3 allele was a significant independent variable affecting dose-adjusted tacrolimus concentrations. Glomerular filtration rate, acute rejection, opportunistic infection, and graft survival were not affected by CYP3A5 polymorphisms. Calcineurin inhibitor toxicity, which showed higher tendency in patients with CYP3A5*1 alleles, might be associated with higher tacrolimus dose per kilogram.
Conclusions: The CYP3A5 genotype is a major factor in determining the dose requirement of tacrolimus, and genotyping may be of value in individualization of immunosuppressive therapy of renal transplant patients.
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.