Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis: a case report and review of the literature

Eur J Pediatr. 2012 Jul;171(7):1069-72. doi: 10.1007/s00431-012-1678-8. Epub 2012 Feb 4.


A 12-year-old girl of Turkish descent was referred 6 weeks after an influenza A infection because of persistent chest X-ray abnormalities compatible with interstitial lung disease. The clinically suspected diagnosis of pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) supported by pathognomonic radiological abnormalities was confirmed by genetic analysis. The clinical presentation of PAM is illustrated by a case and review of the current literature on this subject: you only see what you know.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bronchoalveolar Lavage
  • Calcinosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Calcinosis / genetics
  • Calcinosis / pathology
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lithiasis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lithiasis / genetics
  • Lithiasis / pathology
  • Lung Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Lung Diseases / genetics
  • Lung Diseases / pathology
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / diagnostic imaging*
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / pathology
  • Radiography